This book contains a selection of papers from the prestigious Research Committee on International Tourism presented at the World Congress of the International Sociological Association, Brisbane, Australia, July 2002. It provides a sociological and anthropological critique of existing tourism theory as well as some directions for its future development and research.
The first tourist destinations were primarily consolidated in the early twentieth century. Since then, tourism has undergone significant changes in its economic and social components. Over time, many of these destinations have now come to represent 'mass tourism' and are the subject of many studies on the impacts of tourism and competitiveness policies. The conclusions of these studies point to the need for new perspectives and strategies ranging from adaptation to new contexts to a radical change in targets. Concepts such as 'sustainability', 'nature', 'biodiversity' or 'climate change' have now been added to the tourism industry with varying degrees of knowledge and skill. These offer a great opportunity to improve a model of tourism previously oriented towards business and the institutional rhetoric of "sustainability" - a fact now recognised by tourists as representing the negative effects of conventional tourism. Management of these innovations should include among its aims environmental education and orient visitors towards awareness and respect for sustainability even outside their leisure time. To this end, the tourist needs to be made aware of all those involved and their commitment to managing the destination, as enjoying the territory should be based upon minimising the socio-ecological impacts of tourism, and on motivating nature conservation and participation of local populations in both these goals, as well as in the economic benefits obtained. The challenge entails the destination finding a good balance between economic and cultural benefits, landscape conservation and tourist satisfaction. This fifth volume of the Tourism Today Series presents a collection of papers addressing the how to manage these types of uses at a variety of destinations and in multiple contextual realities. These edited papers were selected from those presented at different international conferences organised by the Wessex Institute of Technology. They address important issues related to tourism as a tool for development which will give a better understanding of some of the current challenges.
In western society it is taken for granted that tourism is a necessary element of contemporary lifestyle, but while many people recognize its importance, they are usually more concerned with its contribution to the economy than with its social, cultural, and political significance. As a social action, tourism is at least partly based on the appeal of distance in time, space, and culture, which offers people the opportunity to question conditions they take for granted, and, by distancing themselves from everyday life, to re-examine the meaning of their lives.
See. Eat. Sleep. Enjoy. A 72-Hour Guide to Provence, France.City breaks are perfect for those long weekends away. You go to a city and you've got only a short amount of time to see the sights, there's no time to get distracted.But what if you don't know exactly what to do and see? Which places to eat at? When is the best time to visit? Explore one of the most inspirational places on earth, see for yourself what it is about Provence that draws artists in from around the world and this guide can help you discover all there is to see. A place of beautiful landscapes and fine food you can find something and everything in this beautiful French province. Whether you want to visit museums and learn more about the country that was the home of the great artists such as Renoir, Cezanne, Picasso and Van Gogh or simply walk through the poetic and romantic landscapes and see for yourself what it is that people find so inspiring, you're guaranteed to find something here that you will enjoy.Inside3 Day Guide to Provence: A 72-Hour Definitive Guide On What to See, Eat & Enjoy In Provence, France:
Twenty-four pages of White House scenes and paintings in the White House art collection to color.
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